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The reason why he is so afraid of Abigail ruining his name is that he has an immense pride concerning his heritage and is generally a very proud man.

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If the rest of Salem were to find out about his lechery then he would go down in their estimations. The own high morals of the man are also written in the commentary when is it described how despite his apparent untroubled nature that is far from being the truth. John Proctor is also one of the only characters in the play who has any reason to be afraid because of the facts against him. Other people who are afraid only feel that way because they are wary of being made a part of the mass hysteria going on in Salem. Abigail shows that she is not afraid of anything in her conquest to bring unhappiness to anyone that she has ever taken a dislike to.

This shows that the motivating force behind the allegations and actions of Abigail Williams is evidently not fear, as she seems to be beyond that. The primary motivating force behind the actions of Abigail were instead those of bitterness and jealousy. Her jealousy stems from John Proctor and the continued rejection she faces from him after the affair. This is apparent in Act 1 when Abigail keeps trying to rekindle the relationship between herself and Proctor but he still refutes her claims that the two are in love. This shows that she is jealous of Elizabeth because she is with Proctor and that is where Abigail wants to be.

It is at this point in the play that it seems that Abigail Williams wants to have revenge on anyone who crosses her. In the play whenever a character wants to exact revenge on someone they do so by projecting their guilt and grievances onto the innocent and Abigail Williams is a classic example of this. She feels that by Elizabeth standing by her husband despite his sins is a direct insult of her because she thinks that if Elizabeth were forced out of her way then she and Proctor would be re-united.

It is for these reasons that the primary motivating force behind the actions of Abigail Williams is not fear but jealousy and hatred towards others. However, if Abigail Williams could be accused of being afraid of one thing and that would be the fear of punishment. If Abigail were ever found out to be lying she would face certain hanging and therefore must fear death. One character in The Crucible who always seems to be afraid and whom fear and paranoia drive his every action is Revd.

√ The Crucible - Area of Study: Belonging Arthur Miller - English

His fear is not the same as the fear of John Proctor who, despite worrying about his pride being bruised also fears for the safety of his family, but is instead totally selfish. This is because Parris is constant vigilant as what he most fears is being usurped as the most powerful man in Salem. This is evident when he first finds out about the incident of the girls dancing in the woods.

Living in a theocracy this seems to indicate that he possesses a very unreasonable temperament. At the time it was believed that people of the clergy were appointed so by God which shows that people would have utmost respect for people of the church but this was not the case with Parris. This shows that many people held grievances against Parris so it is no surprising that he was so paranoid about is position. By that time in the play Danforth is far more respected and feared than Parris ever was and those are the reasons why Parris fears so much for his job.

Danforth also represents the theocracy and cannot allow people to be found innocent as this goes against the theocracy and is thus greatly feared. Parris is also always looking after his own interests and never else seems to be bothered about the affairs of anyone else and comes across as a very self-obsessed individual.

An example of this is when he and his niece Abigail Williams have an argument over the girls dancing in the woods. Parris is very quick to argue that the news of their activities would tarnish his name despite having his daughter unconscious as a result of the incident in the woods.

This shows that he values his career over the life of his own daughter. The primary motivating force behind Revd. The commentary on Revd. Both of these examples lead to the impression that Mr Parris is a megalomaniac who does not posses the necessary personal skills to do the job he does. He is a very paranoid man who obviously fears that people are out to get him which shows that if does not trust anyone then it must be hard for people to trust or like him.

One of the only characters in The Crucible whose fears are entirely selfless is Revd. Hale of Beverley. Mr Hale visits Salem to rid the village of the fictional witchcraft mayhem that has engulfed the village. He deduces that the girls who were caught dancing in the village have a psychosomatic problem in that they believe that they are possessed by the devil. Mr Hale believes that it is merely a problem inside the head of the girls which results into a public outcry of witchery and a court of law to be set up in Salem to investigate anyone accused by the girls of being a witch or wizard.

As the play draws to a close the respect and hope that people had in Mr Hale seems to have diminished as the court from Boston seem to have put everyone on guard so that no-one can be trusted. It is at this point in the play that the situation in Salem is chaotic as everyone seems to be being accused and by this time Hale realises that the girls are simply passing on their vengeances by incriminating other people.

Mr Hale is a character who sees the good in people and is very afraid that innocent people will meet untimely deaths because of the fabricated stories of a group of spiteful jealous girls. This is an excellent example of one of the only characters in the play whose fear is concerned with other people and not just himself as Mr Hale even resigns his job in a bid for justice. By this time Hale also fears his own conscience and the effect it is having on him.

He feels immense guilt after the mistake of signing the death warrant of the innocent and wants to rectify the situation by saving peoples lives. To conclude I think that fears plays an important role in The Crucible but to say that it was the single primary motivating force behind that actions of the characters would be wrong.

This is because even though different types of fear are all displayed that other feeling such as pride and jealousy also play a crucial role because it seems to be that Proctor is more proud than afraid and that Abigail Williams feels nothing except hate and jealousy. The climax of the play is John Proctor refusing to sign a confession to witchery and in turn signing his own death warrant.

This is a part of the play were all pretence and fear has left the body of John Proctor and the only thing he has is courage and pride as he dies a martyr. This shows that other feeling not just fear can play as an important or even a more important role as a motivating force behind the actions of a character. The Crucible Adultery:a possible cause of Salem Trials? One might say not, while another could say it plays a great part in the story.

It starts whenfive young girls of Salem are caught dancing in the forest. Instead as merechildren playing, this behavior is viewed upon by the Puritans as the work ofthe devil. As the hysteria builds momentum, more and more accusations radiate. Reverend Hale, a well known expert on witches, is brought into Salem to'cleanse' the town of it's evil. At the beginning of the play, Hale leads theonslaught of punishment for the accused; but by the These struggles come about as a result of the strict Puritan society in which the story takes place. There are two main struggles in the book.

The first never actually takes place in the story, but is described many times throughout the first act and is the basis for the trials. It is Abigail's and all the other girls' need to be free and act like teenagers. The second is the result of the corruption of the trials. It is John Proctor's fight The crucible, Arthur Miller wrote the play The Crucible, using the 17th-century case of witch trials and fictionalizing it to comment on a 20th-century phenomenon the hunting of communists as if they were witches.

The Crucible By Arthur Miller

McCarthy develops the play quite briskly and focuses the trials all around, Abigail Williams. McCarthy makes the crucible dramatic by creating dramatic actions which involves Abigail. She's one of the main characters in the crucible. She lies, twists stories which becomes a big issue in a little village where nothing interesting ever happens.


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Danforth has extensive pride in his intelligence and perceptiveness. This makes him particularly averse to accepting that he's been fooled by a teenage girl. Though hysteria overpowered the reputations of the accused in the past two acts, in act 4 the sticking power of their original reputations becomes apparent.

Parris begs Danforth to postpone their hangings because he fears for his life if the executions proceed as planned. In the final events of Act 4, John Proctor has a tough choice to make between losing his dignity and losing his life.

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Themes of Pride and Integrity in The Crucible Essay

The price he has to pay in reputation to save his own life is ultimately too high. I have given you my soul; leave me my name! Here are a few discussion questions to consider after you've read my summary of how the theme of reputation motivates characters and plot developments in The Crucible :. If you're an old beggar woman who sometimes takes shelter in this creepy shack, you better believe these jerks are gonna turn on you as soon as anyone says the word "witch.

Reputation and Integrity Theme in The Crucible | LitCharts

Where before she was just an orphaned teenager, now, in the midst of the trials, she becomes the main witness to the inner workings of a Satanic plot. The main pillars of traditional power are represented by the law and the church. These two institutions fuse together in The Crucible to actively encourage accusers and discourage rational explanations of events. The girls are essentially given permission by authority figures to continue their act because they are made to feel special and important for their participation.

The people in charge are so eager to hold onto their power that if anyone disagrees with them in the way the trials are conducted, it is taken as a personal affront and challenge to their authority. Danforth, Hathorne, and Parris become even more rigid in their views when they feel they are under attack. As mentioned in the overview, religion holds significant power over the people of Salem.

Reverend Parris is in a position of power as the town's spiritual leader, but he is insecure about his authority.