Dependent Measures and Covariates — Describe the dependent measures used in the study and if applicable, any covariate measures used. If your survey consists of several pre-existing scales give details of each scale. Procedure — Again this section will depend on what type of study is being conducted. For a survey you will want to give the details of how your survey was administered.
You may want to include details such as but not limited to : instructions given to participants, where and under what conditions participants completed surveys, how long surveys took to complete. How to write a method section.morbackfiri.tk
Organizing Academic Research Papers: 8. The Discussion
Results In the results section you report your findings you should: Report your findings in a logical order, e. Avoid interpreting your results and discussing their implications in the results sections save something for the discussion section! However, you will want to state whether the results supported your hypotheses. Using tables is a useful way to summarise data especially if you have many variables. However, using tables is not an alternative to reporting results in the text, i. How to write a results section. Discussion Section In the discussion section you must clearly explain your results.
Some other questions you can think about when writing your results section are: Are your results consistent or inconsistent with previous findings? If they are inconsistent, why might this be? There are a few common mistakes to avoid when writing the discussion section of your dissertation. You've included all the important parts of the discussion. Use the other checklists to further improve your dissertation. Hi, Your website possibly saved my dissertation!
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Especially the step by step guide to writing an abstract and introduction. Thank you so much for making this available, it really is extremely useful :. Have a language expert improve your writing. Check your paper for plagiarism in 10 minutes. Generate your APA citations for free! Home Knowledge Base Dissertation How to write a discussion section. Date updated: July 4, The discussion chapter is where you delve into the meaning, importance and relevance of your results.
There are many different ways to write this section, but you can focus your discussion around four key elements: Interpretations: what do the results mean? Implications: why do the results matter? Recommendations: what practical actions or scientific studies should follow?
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What is your plagiarism score? Compare your paper with over 60 billion web pages and 30 million publications. The most important findings have been concisely summarized. The results have been discussed and interpreted in relation to the research objectives. The discussion is logically ordered to show patterns or themes among the data.
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The research questions have been answered. Relevant literature and theory has been cited. Alternative explanations of the results have been considered. The aim of the experiment was to determine if dietary intervention with low- or high-cholesterol diets could affect cholesterol levels in middle-aged subjects. Have you fulfilled the aims of your experiment?
What are your results? What problems did you encounter in carrying out the experiment? How could you overcome these in future investigations so that you can achieve more definitive results? How could you overcome these in future investigations?
What recommendations can you make? What is significant or important about your results?
What are the implications of your results? Consumption of a high cholesterol diet did not significantly increase blood cholesterol concentration over a week period Figure 1. Similarly, over the same period, consumption of a low cholesterol diet did not significantly reduce plasma cholesterol concentration. This result should be interpreted with caution because each of the 3 subjects used in the analysis for the high-cholesterol group finished the study with an identical plasma cholesterol concentration of 8 mM probably coincidentally.
When the results were expressed as a change relative to the subjects' starting cholesterol concentration Figure 2 , there did appear to be a difference between the two dietary regimes. In addition, each subject only consumed either the high- or low-cholesterol diet and a cross-over study in which each subject consumed both diets for 12 weeks would have improved the validity of the data.
The greatest problem with this study, however, was compliance. Some individuals indicated that they had not complied with the dietary advice and were omitted from the final analysis but it was impossible to determine how accurate the exact dietary intake of each subject or even whether they had consumed high- or low-cholesterol foods.
Certainly the precise consumption of cholesterol was not monitored and could have varied from week to week. In a future study, it is recommended that more subjects of both sexes be chosen; that meals of known cholesterol content are prepared for the subjects and that their compliance with the dietary regime be monitored effectively; and that each subject acts as their own control by consuming both diets in a randomised, cross-over sequence.
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Even then, any conclusions pertaining to the influence of dietary cholesterol on plasma cholesterol concentrations would be limited to Caucasian, middle-aged omnivores. The staging of the discussion is not always straightforward and the order in which you sequence the information depends on the aim of the experiment and the kind of results you obtained.